Hiking Trails and Footpaths
Read the information for the corresponding attraction sites below if you cannot read the information on the map completely.
- Xiaoguanyin trailhead → Xiaoyoukeng visitor center → Mt. Qixing main peak → Mt. Qixing east peak → Qixing Park → Miaopu trailhead
- Total distance approximately 5.7 km, average grade of 11 degrees, entire journey takes about 3 hours and 15 minutes. The slope starting from the open pavilion 200 meters below Qixing Park and walking straight up the Mt. Qixing pass trail is about 19 degrees and presents a more challenging climb.
Xiaoyoukeng Xiaoyoukeng is located at the northwest foothill of Mt. Qixing and is famous for its fumaroles, sulfur crystals and spectacular “collapsed terrain” formed by post-volcanic activity. The collapsed terrain is shaped like a horseshoe. The exposed rock layers forms a desolate landscape reminiscent of the surface of the moon and is quite a spectacular view. The sound of the fumaroles’ vents releasing steam, filling the air with the smell of sulfur and wisps of sulfur smoke, surrounded by sheer cliffs presents a scene of magnificent yet delicate beauty.
Qixing Park There are large and small pavilions, and stone tables and chairs in the park for visitors to rest and serve as a mid-way point for hikers making their way up the mountain. Currently, the park is managed by the Taipei City Government Works Department Parks and Lights Management Office. The park covers considerable ground and overlooks mountainous areas such as Taiyang Valley, Mt. Ding, Mt. Huangzui, etc. From here it is possible for visitors to reach Menghuan Pond and Lengshuikeng. The walk down the mountain on the Qixing Park footpaths to the Headquarters Visitor Center follows a shady trail that is cool and refreshing.
- Headquarters Visitor Center (Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot) Stop: 108 (shuttle bus), S 8 (MRT Shipai Station to Zhuzihu), S 9 (MRT Fuxing Station to Zhuzihu), 1717 Royal Bus (Taipei to Jinshan)
- Scouts of China Bus Stop: S 8 (MRT Shipai Station to Zhuzihu)
- Mt. Qixing bus stop: 108 (shuttle bus), 1717 Royal Bus (Taipei to Jinshan)
- Xiaoyoukeng bus stop: 108 (shuttle bus)
- Xiaoyoukeng bus stop (Yangjin Highway): 1717 Royal Bus (Taipei to Jinshan)
- Yangmingshan Bus Station: R5 (MRT Jiangtan Station to Yangmingshan), 108 (shuttle bus), 260 main line (Dongyuan, Taipei Main Station to Yangmingshan)
- Yangmingshan Stop: R5 (MRT Jiangtan Station to Yangmingshan), 230 (MRT Beitou Station to Yangmingshan), 260 main line (Dongyuan, Taipei Main Station to Yangmingshan), S 8 (MRT Shipai Station to Zhuzihu), S 9 (MRT Fuxing Station to Zhuzihu), 1717 Royal Bus (Taipei to Jinshan)
＊Get on 108 park bus at the Yangmingshan main bus terminal
To reach the Headquarters visitor center and Miaopu trailhead from the Xiaoguanyin trailhead on Yangjin Highway, climb the trail in reverse.
- Shilin→ Fulin Road → Yangde Boulevard → Yangjin Highway → Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot
- Tamsui, Sanzhi → 101 County Highway → 101A County Highway (Bailaka Highway) → Yangjin Highway → Xiaoguanyin Parking Lot or Xiaoyoukeng Parking Lot
- Jinshan → Yangjin Highway → Xiaoguanyin Parking Lot or Xiaoyoukeng Parking Lot
- Beitou → Xinbeitou → Quanyuan Road → Dingbi Bridge → Shamao Road → Yangjin Highway → Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot
- Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot (opposite the Headquarters visitor center / parking fees apply)
- Xiaoguanyin Parking Lot (next to the 1717 Royal Bus Xiaoyoukeng bus stop)
- Xiaoyoukeng Parking Lot (in front of Xiaoyoukeng visitor center / parking fees apply)
- Xiaoyoukeng Bridge Parking Lot (near 1717 Royal Bus Mt. Qixing bus stop)
- Lengshuikeng Parking Lot No. 2 (opposite Lengshuikeng hot springs baths )
Black-browed barbet Its Chinese name, the 'five-colored bird', results from the bird's five different colors: red, yellow, black, blue, and green. It is also sometimes called 'flowery monk' because its call resembles the sound of wooden fish that monks hit with mallets. The black-browed barbet builds nests on dead trees in broad-leaf forests, and its main staple is berries.
Chestnut tiger Among the numerous butterfly species, the chestnut tiger is the species that appears earliest during the butterfly-watching season. During the May 'plum rain' season, many chestnut tigers form quite a spectacle as they feed on orchid nectar along the trail from Erziping parking lot to Mt. Datun main peak.
Grey-cheeked fulvetta The grey-cheeked fulvetta is about twelve centimeters long from head to tail. It has a gray head, black eyes and a white ring around the eyes that is quite distinctive. The upper back is gray-brown and the lower back and tail feathers are a yellowish brown. The bird's breast is often a light brown color. The fulvetta is a very lively and chatty species and often mixes with other species in the thickets. Their main food staples are seeds, berries and insects.
Formosan red-bellied tree squirrel The most commonly seen wild animal in the forest, the squirrel has a brown body and a distinctive red-brown stomach. They can be seen climbing up tree trunks or prancing among the branches with their bushy gray tails in regions at sea level as well as in the central mountain range up to an altitude of 2,000 meters.
Green maple Latin name: Eupatorium shimadai Kitam It is an herb with single leaves growing in parallel pairs. The pinnate leaves are lance-shaped with long narrow tips. The leaves are between 2 and 7 centimeters long with serrated edges and glandular dots on their underside. Unlike other plants in the Asteraceae family, which are made up of clusters of tiny flowers, the Eupatorium shimadai’s blossom is formed from 5 small tubular flowers. The inflorescence is reddish with clustered and tight flowers. It flowers from May to July. The entire plant is fragrant.
Red nanmu Latin name: Machilus thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc.The tree most representative of Yangmingshan National Park is red nanmu. In spring it is adorned with red, pig foot-like flower buds, which earned it the Chinese name of “pig foot nanmu”. It often mixes together with other broad-leaved trees to form large forests.
Silver-grass Latin name: Miscanthus sinensis Anders. Silver-grass is a hardy pioneer species that grows quickly and spectacularly in reclaimed land, wastelands, and collapsed land. The flowers in the Yangmingshan area bloom bright red because of the sulfuric gases in the area, distinguishing it from regular plain-white blossoms.
Taiwanese Isoetes Latin name: Isoetes taiwanensis DeVol Taiwanese Isoetes is native to Yangmingshan's Menghuan Pond. It is a perennial aquatic fern and extremely rare. Taiwanese Isoetes grows in wetlands and ponds. During the winter wet season it remains submerged and emerges during the dry summer months while the mud remains moist. The leaves are slender and green with a bit of translucency. They grow in clusters and have wider bases, resembling little teaspoons. The leaves grow to be about 4 to 15 centimeters long with an aerenchyma (thin-walled cells separated by four air chambers) to store oxygen and carbon dioxide and conduct photosynthesis and exchange gases.
Usawa Cane Latin name: Sinobambusa kunishii (Hayata) Nakai Usawa cane was once used to make arrow shafts (also called “arrow bamboo” in Chinese) because of its straight, tough, and durable culm (stem). It only flowers a single time in its life, resulting in the death of the parent plant and a new generation of bamboo shoots. Normally, bamboo shoots sprout from the bamboo's underground rhizome nodes to form new bamboo plants.