Formerly known as the Zhongxing Guesthouse, Yangmingshuwu was built during 1969 and 1970. It was originally used by former President Chiang Kai-shek for receiving foreign guests and as a summer home. It was the only residence to be personally picked out and constructed by the order of President Chiang in Taiwan. Today, it is an important cultural and historical site in Yangmingshan National Park which features both natural and human history, making it an intellectually and emotionally resonant recreational site. Tourist information and guided tours are available.
Yangmingshuwu has seen many changes in this area, from the time when Yangmingshan was still a Forest Park, to the Zhongxing Guesthouse period, and on through the Kuomintang Historical Commission period, finally culminating in its present-day designation as a national park.
Yangmingshuwu lies on approximately 15 hectares of land and is located on Zhongxing Road, next to the flower clock near the Yangjin Highway and Dongsheng Road. In its early history, the area was an unspoiled primeval forest and was under the jurisdiction of Yangmingshan Administration. It was also a camping site for the Scouts of China. In 1970, after construction on the Zhongxing Guesthouse and completion of auxiliary buildings, portions of the original forest remained untouched. For security reasons, the hotel was heavily guarded whenever former President Chiang was present. This has resulted in the rich natural environment which continues to surround Yangmingshuwu and Zhongxing Road to this day.
Zhongxing Guesthouse Tour tickets: (Guided tours take place at predetermined times and last approximately one hour)
Prescheduled tour times
Adult ticket:80 NT
Discount tickets:40 NT
* Discount tickets are available to the following groups:
Students (must show ID)
Those from low-income households with government-issued proof
Veterans (must show proof)
Retired civil servants (must show proof of retirement)
Residents of the Yangmingshan National Park area (must show proof of identity)
Groups of 20 or more with appointment
* Free access available to:
Children 12 years of age or younger
Seniors over 65 years of age (must show proof of identity)
Handicapped (mentally or physically disabled; may be required to present proof of handicap)
Civil servants for the purposes of observation (must show documented proof).
Tour guide with a valid license issued by the Tourism Bureau and their tour groups.
Other government officials exempt from ticket fees according to relevant laws.
Booked guided group tours
Discount tickets:30 NT
20-50 people are required for a group booking. Call or book online one week in advance.
Contains a model of the Yangmingshuwu region, an introduction to local history, the architecture of the Zhongxing Guesthouse and a lighted display of the hotel's interior and furnishings.
A video profile of Yangmingshuwu is shown four times per day: 09:30 AM, 10:30 AM, 2:00 PM, 3:00 PM.
Visitors are asked to refrain from the following:
Taking photos inside the center, bringing pets inside, smoking, eating, talking loudly, touching displays, picking flowers.
Please follow the staff and tour guides upon entering Zhongxing Guesthouse and refrain from wandering off so as not to miss the wonderful tour! Thank you for your cooperation and we welcome your visit.
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The Early Republic’s Martyrs and Sages – Calligraphy and Letters Exhibition（2nd Floor, Dazhongguan, Yangmingshuwu)
In 1911 a group of aspiring young individuals, influenced by western knowledge, joined together and rebelled against the corrupt and weak Manchurian Qing. These determined, patriotic and loyal intellectuals formed a group of revolutionists with Sun Yat-sen. In the same year, the Xinhai Revolution brought about the downfall of the Manchurian Qing, and resulted in the establishment of the Republic of China. Taiwan was under Japanese rule, and then a large scale anti-Japanese armed-uprising occurred (the Tapani incident) in 1915. Following on from this, the arrival of the Republic of China in Taiwan has forged our most recent memories.
Every historical figure has a remarkable story to be told. This exhibition presents a collection of letters and calligraphy from famous revolutionists expressing their sentiments during a momentous time in their lives. In this exhibition, you will see the famous “Huang Xing dao” (Huang Xing has arrived) and Lin Juemin’s grave and heart wrenching farewell letter to his wife on the eve of battle: “Whilst writing, tears, brush and ink were coming down...”. And, Shi Jianru’s ink scattered amongst writing that he wrote in defiance and fury while undergoing a torturous prison sentence.
This exhibition introduces numerous martyrs and sages, and presents a collection of their letters, scrolls, calligraphy, etc. from the tremendous challenges and battles they faced. From this precious collection we can gain an insight into the character this group of loyal and ambitious revolutionists possessed, at a time when they chose to make an ultimate sacrifice by shedding blood and giving their own lives, to fight for the ideals of their beloved nation.
Yangmingshan Ancient Photo & Map Exhibition（2nd Floor, Dazhongguan, Yangmingshuwu）
During the great era of maritime discovery, Taiwan (Formosa) stepped onto the world stage under the colonizations by Spain (1626-1642) and the Netherlands (1624-1662). At that time, the indigenous peoples in northern Taiwan (Ketagalan) traded sulfur from their mines with other countries. In 1662, Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga) forced the Dutch to leave Taiwan by a combination of military force and trade embargoes.
In 1683 (the 23rd year of Emperor Kangxi's reign), the Qing army, led by Admiral Shi Lang, captured Penghu, leading to the surrender of the Kingdom of Tungning. After the three reigns of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong from 1683 to 1795, the Qing dynasty adopted a more active attitude in governing Taiwan. More pioneering Han people migrated to the Taipei Basin, occupying and cultivating more of the territory traditionally belonging to the Ketagalans. In addition, the change in geography, such as the occurrence and disappearance of a lake in Taipei, changed the cultural and geographical landscape of northern Taiwan significantly.
In 1895, Taiwan was ceded once again, this time to Japan. The Japanese discovered hot springs in Caoshan (Grass Mountain). Driven by the visit of the Crown Prince Hirohito to Taiwan, the Taiwan Governor-General Office, which was then the most supreme executive institute, constructed hot spring facilities in Caoshan. In 1937 (the 12th year of the Showa Period), a national park was planned to be built, but the plans were deferred because of the breakout of World War II.
In 1945, the Kuomintang recaptured Taiwan, and moved their government to Taiwan in 1949. The residences of former presidents were located in Shilin and Grass Mountain, where the decision-making centers were located. In 1950, the Grass Mountain (Yangmingshan) Administration was established and the area was declared a special administrative region. In 1968, the administration was abolished. In 1985, the Yangmingshan National Park was established.
Grass Mountain Chateau
Grass Mountain Chateau was located at a quiet alley of Hudi Road near the Yangmingshan First parking lot. It was a great place to overlook the Keelung River, Tamsui River, Guando Plain, Shezi Island and Mt. Guanyin of the Taipei City.
The house was originally built as a guesthouse for Taiwan Sugar Corporation during Japanese Occupation era. It was also used as a residence for Japanese Emperor Showa while visiting Taiwan. In 1949, the former President Chiang Kai-shek used as a guesthouse. Thus, it became the first president residence in Taiwan.
In 2002, Taipei city government appointed the house as a historical building and made it to become an art and cultural salon. It was open to the public on 5th of April in 2002 and offered a space for all types of art and creative displays.
Unfortunately, the Grass Mountain Chateau was burned down in 2007. It is reopened on 30th of December in 2010 after 1 year and 4 months renovation.
The only road from Yangmingshuwu to the outside world is through Zhongxing Road, which has a total length of about 2.6 km. Head 0.8 km up the road to Yangjin Highway for access to Jinshan, Wanli, and Tamsui; Go downhill 1.8 km for Yangming Park and Tienmu, Shipai, Shilin and Beitou areas. At the end of 1970 Former President Chiang Kai-shek moved into the Yangmingshuwu and the road was controlled and blockaded by the military with multiple sentries. All nearby residents knew that Zhongxing Road was where the former president lived and referred to the road as Zongtong Road, or “Presidential Road”
Located approximately 1.8 km below the Yangmingshuwu is the Houshan Park part of Yangming Park. It is under the jurisdiction of the Taipei City Government Yangming Park Headquarters. The most famous sight in the park is the flower clock, made with seasonal flowers and plays music at regular intervals. The flower clock is a popular tourist site and photo spot.
Yangming Park is divided into Qianshan and Houshan Parks. Qianshan Park is next to the Yangmingshan Bus Station and has a swimming pool, skating rink, basketball courts, slides, public toilets and other facilities. It also has one male and one female hot spring baths, attracting bathing visitors every day of the week.
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Indian forest skink
Lizards and snakes are the most commonly seen reptiles in Yangmingshan. Walking along the trails, visitors will sometimes see the Indian forest skink. Its body is brown with numerous little black spots. A wide black band runs down the sides of its body.
The entire body is green except for the abdomen, which is white; it also has a white circle around the eyes. The white-eye is often mistaken for the grey-cheeked fulvetta, the white-bellied erpornis, and other birds. Thin and pointy beak; fine white hairs around the eyes. Habitat is mainly forests, and it mostly feeds on insects and fruits.
The Grey treepie has a brown-gray body that is gray from the top of the head to the neck. Its wings and tail are black, and it has white spots on its wings. Its tail feathers are especially long. The center of its abdomen and upper portion of its tail are gray-white. It has a thick and powerful beak that is slightly bent downwards and a long tail. Most have bristles from the base of their beak to their nostrils. Omnivorous. Largely arboreal and highly vigilant. Commonly found in forests. Nests on high branches; chicks are slow to mature.
Taiwanese blue magpie
The Taiwanese blue magpie is a species that is endemic to Taiwan. This ferocious omnivore will attack other birds. The magpie will steadfastly defend and protect its family members. The Taiwanese blue magpies are gregarious birds. Close relatives of breeding pairs that have not yet bred themselves will help the pairs raise, watch over, and defend their chicks. This species exhibits strong nest defense behaviors and are ruthless against intruders.
Its Chinese name, the 'five-colored bird', results from the bird's five different colors: red, yellow, black, blue, and green. It is also sometimes called 'flowery monk' because its call resembles the sound of wooden fish that monks hit with mallets. The black-browed barbet builds nests on dead trees in broad-leaf forests, and its main staple is berries.
This species inhabits low-altitude forests and plains. It exhibits a wide array of calls, one of which sounds like a cat's "meow". When in flight, the bird produces a loud, drawn-out chirping call. They are often found in small groups within forests. Every year from winter to spring, when it is not mating season, they gather in larger groups and can be quite noisy.
Latin name: Juniperus chinensis L. var. kaizuka Hort. ex Endl.
Dragon juniper is an evergreen tree with a straight growing trunk that reaches heights of 1 to 10 meters. The tree crown forms a tower or cylindrical shape with upwardly spiraling branches reminiscent of a dragon perched on top of a pillar, hence its name.
Latin name: Rhododendron oldhamii Maxim.
Oldham's rhododendron is a large evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae with heights reaching 3 meters. Lanceolate leaves with a paper-like texture grow on the branches. The leaves can be elongated ovals to an oval, egg-like shape. The entire shrub is covered with yellow-brown glandular hairs (trichomes). One to three flowers grow on each inflorescence. The corolla is red and about 4 centimeters wide. Flowering season is from March to April. When in full bloom, the sight of its bright red flowers juxtaposed with the green leaves of neighboring fragrant maple is quite beautiful.
Latin name: Acacia confusa Merr.
Many people mistake the “fake” leaves of the Taiwan acacia for its real leaves. Real leaves can only be seen when the tree is young, and there are normally only one or two leaves. They are quickly replaced by the needle-like fake leaves. Flowering season is from April to May. When in bloom, the entire tree is filled with beautiful golden flowers.
Latin name: Camellia japonica L.
The sasanqua camellia is an evergreen shrub with many varieties, flower shapes and colors. Mutations on different branches of a single camellia plant may result in a totally different flower. The dark, jade green leaves are hard with finely serrated edges and an obvious gloss. Flowering season is between November and February.
Mume, Chinese plum
Latin name: Prunus mume Sieb. & Zucc.
The Chinese plum is a small deciduous tree belonging to the Rosaceae family and grows to 10 meters tall. The branches have spikes and the tree crown is an irregular round shape. Branches are brown-purple with many horizontal scars. Young branches are green and hairless. Leaves range from a wide egg shape to egg shaped with serrated edges. The plum is one of the four seasonal flowers representative of Chinese culture along with the orchid (spring), lotus (summer), and chrysanthemum (fall). With its high tolerance to cold, it became the representative for winter flowers.
Latin name: Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus
The sweet osmanthus belongs to the family Oleaceae and is native to central and northern China. It was planted near Yangmingshuwu early on. The tree crown is ball shaped and leaves are elongated ovals. Yangmingshan is a suitable habitat for the sweet osmanthus. Its flowering season is from late September to mid-October. Its orange-yellow flowers are distinctly different from those of regular osmanthus.
Latin name: Myrica rubra (Lour.) Sieb. & Zucc.
An evergreen tree that likes warm and humid weather, the Chinese bayberry can reach heights of 20 meters. The bark is a gray brown color with many branches. Leaves are egg shaped and smooth, growing on branch tips in alternate or clustered arrangements. Flowers are dioecious with male flowers bright red in a catkin inflorescence. Fruits are round drupes that turn red when ripe.