Xiaoyoukeng is a post-volcanic geological landscape area and is located on Mt. Qixing's northwestern foot. The scenic trail can be reached by turning right on the Xiaoguanyin stop on Yangjin Highway. It is approximately 805 meters above sea level and is famed for the fumaroles, sulfur crystals, hot springs and spectacular 'landslide terrain' formed by post-volcanic activity. In addition to Xiaoyoukeng itself, the viewing platform here also offers views of the volcanic cones of Mt. Zhuzi, Mt. Datun, Mt. Qixing and Mt. Xiaoguanyin, as well as views of the Jinshan coastline. Visitors who enjoy flora are encouraged to spend a few minutes taking a pleasant walk on the Arrow Bamboo Trail and take in the sights of the arrow bamboo, awn and other plants that flourish in volcanic areas. The trail next to the Xiaoyoukeng parking lot offers access to Mt. Qixing, from which it takes about an hour to reach the summit. At 1,120 meters above sea level, it is Taipei City's highest peak. Taking the East Peak path when descending leads to Qixing Park, Menghuan Pond, and Lengshuikeng, offering a bird's-eye view of Mt. Shamao and downtown Taipei. The nursery, Visitor Center, Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot and the Yangmingshan Bus Station are all reachable by the same path.
Address: No. 69 Zhuzihu Road, Beitou District, Taipei City 11292
Hours of Operation: Daily 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM. Closed on the last Monday of each month (if a national holiday falls on a Monday, this area will also be closed on Tuesday) and Lunar New Year's Eve.
Telephone number: (02) 2861-7024; Gift shop:2861-8840
Information about sights and things to do in the park.
Volcanic terrain, hot springs, unique animal and plant ecology caused by fumaroles, models, pictorial commentaries.
Free viewings of our informational movie can be seen at: 10:30 AM; 11:30 AM; 2:30 PM; 3:30 PM at the start of each hour. Guide books, souvenirs, foodstuffs and beverages sold.
The parking lot has 6 bus parking spaces, 47 passenger vehicle spaces and 28 motorcycle spaces.
Parking is outsourced to separate management. Parking for large vehicles is 100 NT, 30 NT for small cars and 10 NT for motorcycles. Fees are collected between 7 am to 7 pm.
Attention please all visitors:
The ground surrounding the sulfur vents and hot springs is soft; please stay within the fenced area in order to prevent burns and accidents.
The weather changes quickly in this area. If you plan on going hiking, please be sure you are properly prepared and bring warm clothing and rain gear.
The digging of minerals and rocks, picking of flowers and/or plants (including herbs and awn flowers), capture of wild animals and/or insects, feeding of fish and/or animals is prohibited. Carrying any of the park's natural resources out of the park is also prohibited.
Please do not litter, talk loudly, barbecue, camp, fly kites, paraglide, burn offerings/make religious sacrifices, set off firecrackers, or perform any other dangerous acts.
For other prohibited acts please consult the National Parks Act.
Xiaoyoukeng Service Station(click to enlarge)
Macao Observation Deck
The pavilion provides views of Macao Bridge.
Zhuzihu was originally a lava-dammed lake with large amounts of water. Later on, water escaped through the bottom of the lake basin and the lake eventually dried up. Early settlers cleared the surrounding land to gradually form the current terraced rice paddies. From here, visitors can enjoy views of the pine and bamboo forest and flowers (such as calla lilies), seedlings, and vegetables cultivated by local farmers. Passing through the Zhuzihu community, visitors will see the cherry trees and Formosa Sweet Gum (Liquidambar formosana Hance) planted along the industrial road, which leads to the Mt. Zhongzheng trailhead. Glimpses of Mt. Qixing, Mt. Shamao, and the Taipei metropolitan area can be seen off and on along the road. Because of the lack of vehicles and the beautiful views, visitors frequently come here for outings and to enjoy a leisurely time.
Built in 1969, Yangmingshuwu was once a summer home and where VIPs were received by former President Chiang Kai-shek. Today, it is one of the important cultural and historical sites of Yangmingshan National Park, featuring both natural and human history. It is an intellectual and sentimental recreational site.
Mt. Qixing is a show window for hot springs, geothermal energy, and fumaroles for the greater Taipei metropolitan area. The Qixing mountain range include the famous Mt. Qixing main peak as well as the east peak, Mt. Zhugao, Mt. Qigu, Mt. Shamao, Mt. Xiaocao, Mt. Weilun, Mt. Ewei, Mt. Xiazhulin, etc. The main peak of Mt. Qixing is the highest mountain in the Taipei area.
Mt. Qixing erupted about 700,000 years ago. Originally a crater existed on the top of the mountain but has since then been eroded by time and formed seven smaller hilltops. The faults crossed through the southeast and northwest side of the mountain to form hot springs, fumaroles, etc. After the explosion, the resulting lava and pyroclastic rocks piled up layer upon layer and formed the mountain's cone-shape.
Mt. Qixing's steep and independent peak is the most obvious feature of a conic volcano. Mt. Qixing's main peak has an elevation of 1,120 meters and has one first-order triangulation station. The east peak is located southeast of the main peak and is 1,107 meters tall. It has one third-order triangulation station. When the weather is clear, the mountaintop affords an expansive view of one's surroundings.
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Crested serpent eagle
Beak and talons sharp and curved. Feeds on small animals. A large eagle with a crest. When in flight a distinctive white bar can be seen on the underside of its wings. Wings point slightly up when in flight. Emits a loud call while flying and is the noisiest bird of prey in Taiwan.
Its back and head are blue-black, while its abdomen is white with light gray markings. Its forehead, throat, and upper chest are orange-red. Its tail feathers not deeply forked. Its habits are similar to those of the barn swallow, but it is smaller in size. Also similar to the swallow, the pacific swallow has a small beak with a wide base that can be opened widely. It has a large head, long and pointed wings, and forked tail feathers. Its legs are short and weak. Usually found near ponds or above streams and creeks.
Five-striped blue-tailed skink
The backs of these young lizards are black with three to five golden vertical stripes and a vibrantly blue tail. As it matures, its body gradually turns brown and the golden stripes and blue tail fade in color. Adults have a light-brown body with red vertical stripes along the side.
Formosan rock macaque
A protected species endemic to Taiwan. Its tail is approximately 2/3 the length of its body. It weighs about five to twelve kilograms and has short forelimbs and long hind legs as well as a thick and furry tail. Its coat turns grayer in winter and greener in summer. Not commonly seen in Yangmingshan. Only reported sightings have been at Lujiakeng, Mt. Shamao, and Mt. Zhongzheng.
Formosan red-bellied tree squirrel
The most commonly seen wild animal in the forest, the squirrel has a brown body and a distinctive red-brown stomach. They can be seen climbing up tree trunks or prancing among the branches with their bushy gray tails in regions at sea level as well as in the central mountain range up to an altitude of 2,000 meters.
Latin name: Pinus luchuensis Mayr.
The trunk is straight and tall with a rough, gray-brown bark and cracked vertical grooves which flake off irregularly. Branches are categorized into long and short boughs. Branches are whorled and grow horizontally. These trees are currently at risk of contracting pine wood nematodes and each year many trees are infected and die.
Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitamura var. formosanum (Hayata) Kitamura
Latin name: Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitamura var. formosanum (Hayata) Kitamura
It is one of the most representative flowering plants in Yangmingshan during the fall season. It has a typical Asteraceae head with separate outer, petaled florets and inner clustered bisexual florets; both florets are yellow. Flowering season is usually from August to October.
Latin name: Cirsium japonicum DC. var. australe Kitamura
The Formosan thistle's leaves are sharply divided and resemble thorns to discourage herbivorous animals from feeding on it. Flowering season is from April to June. It is a common nectar plant found in many open grassy areas.
Latin name: Miscanthus sinensis Anders.
Silver-grass is a hardy pioneer species that grows quickly and spectacularly in reclaimed land, wastelands, and collapsed land. The flowers in the Yangmingshan area bloom bright red because of the sulfuric gases in the area, distinguishing it from regular plain-white blossoms.
Bat's wing fern, Incised Histiopteris
Latin name: Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm.
The bat's wing fern is a perennial herb and grows on the edge of forests and sunny hillsides in the low to mid-altitude range. It has a long rhizome with brown scales. The petiole is thick, dark, and glossy. The leaves are part of the hypanthium, while the base pinnae form the stipe for support. The linear sori, protected by a film of indusium, appear along the leaf margin in continuous lines.
Latin name: Sinobambusa kunishii (Hayata) Nakai
Usawa cane was once used to make arrow shafts (also called “arrow bamboo” in Chinese) because of its straight, tough, and durable culm (stem). It only flowers a single time in its life, resulting in the death of the parent plant and a new generation of bamboo shoots. Normally, bamboo shoots sprout from the bamboo's underground rhizome nodes to form new bamboo plants.