The Lengshuikeng region is a low-lying depression which was created when the lava from Mt. Qixing and Mt. Qigu formed a barrage. Water then accumulated, turning the area into a lake, which eventually leaked out and dried up to expose the lake bottom and form today's landscape. The water temperature of the hot springs in this area only reaches 40°C (104°F), far below that of other springs in other areas, hence its name Lengshuikeng, which means "cold water pit".
Address: No. 170, Lane 101, Jingshan Road, Shilin District, Taipei City 11192
Hours of Operation: Daily 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM. Closed on the last Monday of each month (if a national holiday falls on a Monday, this area will also be closed on Tuesday) and Lunar New Year's Eve.
Information on sights and things to do in the park.
Complimentary informational films.
Guide books, souvenirs, food, and beverages are available for purchase.
The Lengshuikeng Visitor Center parking lot has space for 6 buses, 68 passenger vehicles, and 69 motorcycles.
A parking fee will be charged.
Lengshuikeng Public Hot Spring Baths
Please observe the following guidelines when taking the bath.
This hot spring is a weak acid hydrogen carbonate spring. The pH value is about 5 to 6. The water temperature is about 39 ~ 45℃.
Contagious patients , incontinence and women during menstrual periods are not allowed.
Do not enter after drinking.
High blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes patients are not allowed.
Malign cancer and multiple sclerosis patients are not allowed.
Hemophiliacs, low skin sensitivity and sensory disturbances patients are not allowed.
Do not enter the pool when you are full and on an empty stomach. Please drink enough water when bathing.
Please take a shower and remove make-up before entering the pool.
Do not bath for more than 10 to 15 minutes each time.
Disabled, elderly and children should be accompanied.
Please notify the Lengshuikeng Visitor Center or on-site cleaning staff if there are hygenic conditions in the bathing pool. The pool will be cleaned and disinfected immediately and the hot spring water will be changed.
If you do not feel well when bathing, please leave the pool immediately and inform one of the following units:
Yangmingshan National Park Headquarters: 02-28613601~6
Yangmingshan National Park Police Branch: 02-28613609
Police Hotline: 110
Fire and Emergency Call: 119
Please feel free to contact Lengshuikeng Visitor Center for any improvement of the bath. (Office time:09:00-16:30,phone: 02-28610036)
Attention please all visitors:
The weather may change very quickly in this area. Hikers are advised to be properly prepared and bring warm clothing and rain gear.
The digging of minerals and rocks, picking of flowers and/or plants (including herbs and awn flowers), capture of wild animals and/or insects, feeding of fish and/or animals is prohibited. Carrying any of the park's natural resources out of the park is also prohibited.
Please do not litter, talk loudly, barbecue, camp, fly kites, paraglide, burn offerings/make religious sacrifices, set off firecrackers, or perform any other dangerous acts.
For other prohibited acts please consult the National Parks Act.
LengshuikengService Station(click to enlarge)
Niunai Pond (Milk Pond)
Heading towards the direction of Qingtiangang from Lengshuikeng, not far from the entrance of the trail and opposite of the pavilion, there are some small stone steps heading up a hill. At the end of the trail is an Observation Deck from which a milky pool of water can be seen. This is the unique sight of “Milk Pond".
As Lengshuikeng is the only place in Taiwan where the bottom has precipitated sulfur deposits, the swamps and pools bottom in the region emits sulfur gases, and because of the tiny free sulfur particles, it results in a milky color. After falling to the bottom the particles forms a white-yellow or light gray soil, making the pond water a milk-like color, and hence the name Milk Pond.
Niunai Pond unique color evokes a special emotion in people, as if a beautiful girl suddenly appeared from a black forest. Elegant and refined, the pond adds a dash of feminine beauty to an otherwise masculine landscape of volcanoes.
Hot Springs Baths
Lengshuikeng hot springs well naturally from the fissures of Mt. Qixing east peak and is indirectly heated. The temperature of the spring water is about 40 °C and is classified as a low-temperature neutral bicarbonate hot spring. There is one male and one female public bath and a foot-soaking pool which are open to visitors free of charge.
The waterfall is one of the tributaries upstream from Neishuang Creek. Water falls from a 20-meter-high rock cliff to paint a white, silk-like waterfall. Unfortunately, the ground here is quite soft and prone to collapsing and falling boulders. The area around the waterfall has been fenced off with “Do Not Enter” warning signs. Visitors can only enjoy the waterfall from a distance; entering the fenced-off area and/or the water is strictly prohibited.
Formerly known as Yachi or “Duck Pond”, Menghuan Pond is located at the southeast foot of Mt. Qixing at an elevation of approximately 800 meters above sea level. The reason behind the pond's formation is not clear. Some speculate it to be a crater lake or a hollowed out area caused by fumaroles, or even a volcanic depression. A rare aquatic fern-the Taiwan isoetes-grows in the lake. It is one of the lowest attitudes at which isoetes grows in the world, and the Taiwan isoetes is an extremely rare species. In order to protect this national treasure aquatic fern Menghuan Pond has been designated as an Ecological Protected Area. Tourists are prohibited from entering the pond. An observation deck near the lake is available for observation.
Jingshan Suspension Bridge, Lengshuikeng
The 50-meter long suspension bridge across the Lengshuikeng Creek stands out from its surroundings with its red towers, black suspension cables and brown deck plates. Located at the entrance of the trail, the Jingshan suspension bridge is beautiful and charming. Beneath the bridge the stream is filled with the smell of sulfur and is one of the tributaries of the source of Neishuan Creek. Nearby, ruins of old sulfur mines exist. After crossing the suspension bridge, the flat trail leads visitors to the peacock pine forest, wooden observation deck and forest trails. En route there is a path leading to the Juansi Waterfall. Going straight is the tree-lined path to Qingtiangang.
Mt. Qixing is a show window for hot springs, geothermal energy, and fumaroles for the greater Taipei metropolitan area. The Qixing mountain range include the famous Mt. Qixing main peak as well as the east peak, Mt. Zhugao, Mt. Qigu, Mt. Shamao, Mt. Xiaocao, Mt. Weilun, Mt. Ewei, Mt. Xiazhulin, etc. The main peak of Mt. Qixing is the highest mountain in the Taipei area.
Mt. Qixing erupted about 700,000 years ago. Originally a crater existed on the top of the mountain but has since then been eroded by time and formed seven smaller hilltops. The faults crossed through the southeast and northwest side of the mountain to form hot springs, fumaroles, etc. After the explosion, the resulting lava and pyroclastic rocks piled up layer upon layer and formed the mountain's cone-shape.
Mt. Qixing's steep and independent peak is the most obvious feature of a conic volcano. Mt. Qixing's main peak has an elevation of 1,120 meters and has one first-order triangulation station. The east peak is located southeast of the main peak and is 1,107 meters tall. It has one third-order triangulation station. When the weather is clear, the mountaintop affords an expansive view of one's surroundings.
There are large and small pavilions, and stone tables and chairs in the park for visitors to rest and serve as a mid-way point for hikers making their way up the mountain. Currently, the park is managed by the Taipei City Government Works Department Parks and Lights Management Office. The park covers considerable ground and overlooks mountainous areas such as Taiyang Valley, Mt. Ding, Mt. Huangzui, etc. From here it is possible for visitors to reach Menghuan Pond and Lengshuikeng. The walk down the mountain on the Qixing Park footpaths to the Headquarters Visitor Center follows a shady trail that is cool and refreshing.
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Beak slender and slightly downwards pointing. Wings short, body small. Minimal color variation between the sexes; coloring is monotonous. Small, terrestrial bird. Mainly lives in bushes, shrubs, and forested regions. Its head is slightly mouse-gray, its back tan colored, its throat to upper chest is white, and its abdomen a light yellow. Often seen with the tawny-flanked prinia among prairies and grasslands.
Has a tuft of distinctive white feathers behind its head. Body mainly gray-green; the edge of its wings are olive green. Is one of the major pioneering bird species. A medium sized bird with a slightly slender body; the tip of its beak curves downward. Short wings, slightly long tail feathers, short legs.
Taiwan common frog
Body surface is coarse and covered with glandular particles. Its Chinese name is derived from the black protrusions around the eyes and head. Body color ranges from yellow-brown to dark-brown. Mating season falls from winter to spring. Rarely croaks outside of mating season.
Taipei green tree frog
Species of the Rhacophoridae family are arboreal. Toes spread into toe pads with Y-shaped cartilage inside. In between the last two joints are intercalary cartilage that aids in tree-climbing. Vertebrae are anteriorly concave. Sternum is shield-shaped. Tadpoles have one exhalent aperture on their left side. Possesses horn-like teeth. Body green to light green in color. Webbed feet and abdomen yellow without markings.
Formosan red-bellied tree squirrel
The most commonly seen wild animal in the forest, the squirrel has a brown body and a distinctive red-brown stomach. They can be seen climbing up tree trunks or prancing among the branches with their bushy gray tails in regions at sea level as well as in the central mountain range up to an altitude of 2,000 meters.
Latin name: Meliosma rhoifolia Maxim.
Leaves are odd pinnate with a hypanthium. It is a deciduous tree. In the spring purple-red leaves sprout first on the tips of branches and gradually turn green when fully unfurled. When the leaves are fully grown, buds start to grow. It has an apical panicle with yellowish white flowers. Flowering season is May to June.
Latin name: Ligustrum liukiuense Koidz.
The small white flowers give off a pleasant fragrance. The leaves are oppositely arranged, a common characteristic of plants in the Oleaceae family. Flowering season is from April to June. The fruit of the Japanese privet are drupes that are oval in shape. Fruits turn from green to purplish black when ripe.
Taiwanese mountain longan
Latin name: Helicia formosana Hemsl.
The Taiwan mountain longan is a common evergreen tree with a oval-shaped body and a leaf texture resembling thick paper. It has a raceme with light red-purple flowers. Flowering season is May to June. The nut of the Taiwan mountain longan resembles that of the longan tree, hence its name.
Latin name: Myrica rubra (Lour.) Sieb. & Zucc.
An evergreen tree that likes warm and humid weather, the Chinese bayberry can reach heights of 20 meters. The bark is a gray brown color with many branches. Leaves are egg shaped and smooth, growing on branch tips in alternate or clustered arrangements. Flowers are dioecious with male flowers bright red in a catkin inflorescence. Fruits are round drupes that turn red when ripe.
Latin name: Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don
Peacock pine is an evergreen tree of the family Taxodiaceae. It has yellow-green to green leaves whose shape resembles fish teeth. Leaves tough and flat with a slightly curved, sharpened tip arranged alternate in a spiral along the stem. The cones, which are green in color and about 3-centimeters wide, turn brown and split open when ripe. Since the peacock pine was introduced to Taiwan, it has become a common tree at altitudes between 800 and 2,200 meters.
Latin name: Melastoma candidum D. Don
Known for its large, bright, and purple-red flowers, the common melastoma is a low altitude small evergreen shrub. After the long process of evolution the shrub has developed a remarkable adaptability with a high tolerance to acid, sulfur and infertile soil. It can be used as an indicator plant for acidic soils. It is also tolerant against pests, wind, and air pollution.
Latin name: Hydrangea angustipetala Hayata
The narrow-petaled hydrangea belongs to the family Saxifragaceae. It ranges from shrubs to small trees with pairs of perpendicular leaves. The arched leaves are yellow-green with fuzzy hairs at the intersection of the ridges. The flowering season is from May to July. The white, flower petal-like growths are in actuality sepals specialized into bracts. The real flowers, small and yellow, are unremarkable and easily overlooked. The exaggerated bracts attract pollinators.